10 Things To Know About The Great Smoky Mountains National Park
The Great Smoky Mountains National Park lies in Tennessee and North Carolina and offers just about every type of terrain imaginable. Camping, Cycling, hiking and kayaking are but some of the activities enjoyed in the park.
Almost 20 million people spend time in the Great Smoky Mountains National Park every year, making it the most visited park in the nation.
The Great Smoky Mountains National Park covers around 244,000 acres of Tennessee and 276,000 acres of North Carolina. This totals 520,000 acres, which equates to over 800 square miles.
Flora and Fauna
The Great Smoky Mountains National Park has recognition as an International Biosphere Reserve and serves as home to approximately 4,000 plant species and 140 tree species in 5 forests. The 65 different animal species residing in the park include black bears, bobcats, cottontail rabbits, coyotes, groundhogs, red fox, red wolves, river otters and wild boar. The park estimates the bear population at around 1500.
The highest elevations of the Great Smoky Mountaisn National Park receive an average of 85 inches of rain every year. These same areas get about 69 inches of snow every year, which equate to around six feet.
Some of the many cascading sites to see while visiting the Great Smoky Mountains National Park include:
Abrams Falls Mingo Falls
Grotto Falls Mouse Creek Falls
Hen Wallow Falls Rainbow Falls
Indian Creek/Toms Branch Falls Ramsey Cascades
Juney Whank Falls
On average, visitors may clearly view distances up to 25 miles away. However, visibility varies due to weather conditions causing elevated humidity levels that may appear as fog or mist. The increased amount of air pollution migrating to the park in recent years remains another factor.
Lightning naturally causes approximately two fires annually. Without endangering large portions of the park at any one time, rangers generally allow these fires because they enhance the local ecosystem. Rangers also practice controlled burning on small sections throughout the park.
Roads and Hiking Trails
The Great Smoky Mountains National Park has around 400 miles of roadways. The majority are paved. Hikers find well over 800 miles of trails at their disposal. A 32-mile length of road meandering through the park connects Gatlinburg, Tennessee with Cherokee, North Carolina. U.S. 441, also called Newfound Gap Road, has mountain streams, picnic areas and scenic overlooks. The many popular round trip hiking trails extend anywhere from 3,000 feet to 16 miles.
Before becoming a national park, the land belonged to various communities where many families lived. Approximately 100 historic buildings that date back to the 1800s remain standing in the park today. At the Oconaluftee Visitor’s Center, guests may explore the Mountain Farm Museum. Once a homestead, the site features a barn, blacksmith shop and a farmhouse along with an apple house, hen house and springhouse. Structures scattered throughout the park include barns, cabins and churches in addition to farmhouses and schools.
Creating the park required financial backing and John D. Rockefeller Jr. provided $5 million. The United States government handed over $2 million for the project. Private citizens residing in Tennessee and North Carolina combined efforts to acquire land for the park section by section.